Thursday, June 19, 2014

Joseph Campbell, Mythologist

Joseph Campbell was a prolific American author and editor whose works on comparative mythology examined the universal functions of mythology in various human cultures and examined the mythic figure in a wide range of literatures. He was considered to be the greatest mythologist of his time. He advocated a balance between sacrifice and bliss.
Campbell, Joseph (1904-1987), American writer, editor, and  teacher, known for his writings on myths. Born in New York City,  Campbell was educated at Columbia University. He specialized in medieval literature and, after earning a master's degree, continued his studies at the universities of Paris and Munich. While abroad he was influenced by the art of Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, the psychological studies of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, and the novels of James Joyce and Thomas Mann. These encounters led to Campbell's theory that all myths and epics are linked in that they are cultural manifestations of the universal need of the human psyche to explain social, cosmological, and spiritual realities.  
Campbell returned to New York in 1929 and joined the faculty of Sarah Lawrence College, where he taught comparative literature from 1934 to 1972. He also edited works by the German scholar Heinrich Zimmerman on Indian art, myths, and philosophy. In 1944, with Henry Morton Robinson, Campbell published A Skeleton Key to Finnegan's Wake. His first original work, The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949), became a classic. In this study of the "myth of the hero," Campbell asserted that there is a single pattern of heroic journey and that all cultures share this essential pattern in their various heroic myths. In his book he also outlined the basic conditions, stages, and results of the archetypal hero's journey. Campbell's other works include the four-volume Masks of God (1959-1967), The Flight of the Wild Gander (1969), and The Mythic Image (1974). In the mid-1980s a popular television interview series with the American journalist Bill Moyers introduced Campbell's views to millions of people.
- "Campbell, Joseph," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2000 © 1997-2000 Microsoft Corporation.

Campbell, Joseph - Center for Story and Symbol
Article published in New Perspectives magazine reports on the life and work of this noted scholar of comparative mythology.
Joseph Campbell Foundation
Group promotes the work of thph Cis leading mythology scholar. Learn about its current projects, or find out how to become a member.
Joseph Campbell & Marija Gimbutas Library
The library is located at Pacifica Graduate Institute near Santa
Barbara, CA. In the library are Joseph Campbell's personal
collection of books (with his marginal notes) and memorabilia
collected over a lifetime. Also the collections and notes of the
important anthropologist -- and champion of women's spiritualities --
Marija Gimbutas. Membership in the Library supports
transformation of human religious consciousness.
Bibliography -  http://www.PACIFICA.EDU/cglibrary/campbib.htm
Chronology -     http://www.PACIFICA.EDU/cglibrary/index.html
USA - Keepers of the Lore
Presenting the Joseph Campbell Festival in New Hampshire to further the preservation of myth, folklore, and storytelling, with news and details.
The Center for Story and Symbol, Joseph Campbell and Archetypal Psychology
If you are interested in mythology, dreams, fairy tales, imagination, archetypes, and the ideas of Joseph Campbell and Carl Jung, you have come to the right place. - Mythic Realm - Santa Barbara CA
Joseph Campbell
Joseph Campbell acclaimed scholar, writer, teacher, and an expert on world mythologies. Mr.Campbell's ideas and experiences continually pervade in today's culture through others. Most  prominently with George Lucas and the whole STAR WARS series...
Hero journey
Home Heroes Standards Teacher Resources Heroes' Traits Hero's Journey Multicultural Heroes Hero Connections Hero's Journey The Hero "There is what I would call the hero journey, the night sea journey, the hero quest, where the individual is going...

Joseph Campbell on Netflix and on YouTube